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It has been discovered that learning all over the country has changed from it normal state as may people don’t really know how to learn especially in an educational setting. But luckily on this great article we are going to stress alot of things on that area.

Table of content

  • What is the term Learning
  • Basic areas in learning
  • Various forms of learning
  • Factors affecting learning in Nigeria

What is learning?

Learning is the ability to understand,interpret and respond appropriately to what is been taught.

According to a report on communication activities, an average student spends 45% of the time listening and the remaining  55% for other communication activities, namely speaking, reading and writing. This suggest that we use our listening skills more than any other communication skill. It has also been described as the second most difficult skill after reading.

When you listen you do several things you select the meaningful important, relevant sounds and messages from the numerous sounds and messages you hear in the communication process.

This process involves using your language your language competence general knowledge cognitive reasoning skills, assignment,thinking and evaluating skills, assessment thinking and evaluating skills to ensure that you have received the right message. You also distinguish between important and unimportant information.

Read also: ways of developing good reading habit 

Hearing is  different from listening. Hearing is the indiscriminate act of perceiving sounds. but listening is the selective act of making meaning out of what you have heard. Listening therefore is the active process involving threw basic steps, namely hearing, understanding, and judging the essence of the spoken disclosure. On this great article you will be introduced to the listening processes and types of listening process. Internal and external factors that affect listening will be addressed also on this great article. and also discuss strategies for effective listening and listening problems and how to overcome them. The last section focuses on evaluating your listening skills and the various types of speaking functions.

The listening process

Hearing: hearing an aspect of the listening process means perceiving, focussing,and decoding a specific set of sounds into a discernment message.for example you are listening to a report on ostriches and the speaker mention that they take in metal objects such as coins, they simply melt. If you decal this information,it means you are been able to process what you have heard from sounds to a meaningful message.

Understanding: the next step in listening process occurs when you take what you have heard and interpret it in the light of the speakers intentions. using our report ostriches, when you hear that metal objects melt in their system you need to think about what it really means. It could mean that ostriches have higher acidity in their digestive system.

Judging: after you have ascertain that you have understood what the speaker has said thinks whether  it is fact or Normal opinion by understanding it in the light of your background knowledge on the topic. How can metal dissolve inside ostriches ? If indeed the acid content in their digestive system is high then it is believable, since high acidity dissolves metal.

Read also: effective way of presenting a speech 

Basic types of listening

Your purpose of listening and the type of material been presented will determine the type of listening that you select. for example a musical presentation will require a different type of listening form to listen from a business meeting because the purpose and the material of the two differs.

  • Attemtive listening: This type of listening requires full concentration and attention to what is been said
  • critical listening: critical listening in loves listening to and evaluating a message in the light of the speakers intentions and background knowledge from the listeners point of view.
  • Reflective listening: when listening to a message reflectively, you atempt to fully understand the message by identifying the main ideas.
  • Appreciative listening: to appreciate a mess means to to engage your emotions and feelings in the listening process. Appreciative listening could be illustrated when listening to a musical performance.
  • Emphatic listening: this type of listening requires understanding and responding tomother peoples feelings. Although you may not need emphatic listen in class room setting, it is useful in building personal relationship.

In summary a combination of one or more of the different types of of listening would sometimes be required for example in a lecture for class room situation attentive and reflectively listening types  are the most applicable and perhaps critical listening for open seminars.

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Hi am Joseph ngorka Student of federal  University of technology Minna, I love sharing information and keeping my listeners entertained do well to keep to the rules, I love you all!

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Admission Updates

List of Free available international scholarship




Free available international scholarship

Hello readers welcome to this section on allschoolgist, if you have landed on this page to check on the Latest Available scholarship then you have arrived in the right place.

We always do recommend our visitors to subscribe to our website to as to get all updates on scholarships at your doorstep.

Also read: past Questions for all schools

On this article we have written an updated list of  best free available international scholarships at at 26th may 2020.

list of available scholarships for all international students

We recommend you to gently go through the list below and register for as many scholarship ad you want because you never can tell which one will pick you.

So that all for this section, you can register for as many as possible.

Fully-funded Institute Scholarships

Joint Japan World Bank Scholarships
The Joint Japan World Bank Graduate Scholarship Program provides scholarships to students from World Bank member countries to pursue development-related studies at selected Universities around the world. The scholarship provides travel costs between your home country and the host university, tuition for your graduate program, the cost of basic medical insurance, a monthly subsistence allowance to cover living expenses, including books.

ADB Japan Scholarship Program
The Asian Development Bank-Japan Scholarship Program (ADB-JSP) aims to provide an opportunity for well-qualified citizens of ADB’s developing member countries to undertake postgraduate studies in economics, management, science and technology, and other development-related fields at participating academic institutions in the Asian and Pacific Region.  The ADB-JSP provides full tuition fees, a monthly subsistence and housing allowance, an allowance for books and instructional materials, medical insurance, and travel expenses.

Rotary Foundation Global Study Grants
The Rotary Foundation offers scholarship funding through the Rotary Foundation Global Grant scholarships. The scholarship funds graduate-level coursework or research for one to four academic years.  The minimum budget for a global grant scholarship is $30,000 which can fund the following: passport/visa, inoculations, travel expenses, school supplies, tuition, room and board, etc.

OFID Scholarship Award
OFID (The OPEC Fund for International Development) offers a fully-funded scholarship to qualified applicants who wish to study for a Master’s degree in an accredited University around the world. The scholarships are worth up to $50,000 that covers the tuition fees, monthly allowance to cover living expenses, accommodation, insurance, books, relocation grants, and travel costs.

Finally you may use the comment section below to give use feedback or ask any question on the post.

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Admission Updates

JAMB/WAEC/NECO Past Questions For All Subjects




Free Past questions For JAMB/WAEC/NECO

Past question papers (PQ) are meant for students who are preparing for an examinations ranging JAMB, WAEC, NECO, GCE.

This past question papers are compiled from previous exams that have been written on that area.

importance of past questions

The importance of past questions to a students can not be overemphasized, because this is the number one material In which a student is suppose to acquire.

Following past records of examinations, questions from past questions often repeat themselves over and over again thereby giving great advantage to those who has studied it relentlessly.

One important aspect of having this past questions is that it gives you a picture of how the exams is going to look like and this has helped a lot of people who has the fear in engaging in any examination as this will now make him or her bold enough to face anything.

How to study past question papers PQ

1. Set your time: while studying past questions for any examination, learn how to deal with your time because it is certain that in most examinations they always limit the time so as to accommodate more who are to write so it is now left for you to know what to do with your time.

Read also: list of universities that accepts 120-150 in jamb 

2. Don’t cram: most students engage themselves in cramming since the answers are written at the side instead of getting what is needful.

At the end of the day the now get themselves confused and lose what was suppose to be gotten, past questions where suppose to be a guide to train you on what have been read.

3. Poor studying habit: it obvious that most people has little or no idea on how to study effectively, this has affected most students negatively in many aspect.

All students are suppose to practice a good reading habit.

JAMB/WAEC/NECO Past Questions For All Subjects Download

We are going to carefully list out PQ for all subjects for you to carefully pick any of your choice.

1. Biology latest PQ: in other to download biology PQ click on the link below.


2. Physics latest PQ:in other to download physics PQ click on the link below.


Also see: Unilag begin E-learning program for 2020

3: chemistry latest PQ: in other to download chemistry PQ click on the link below.


4: mathematics latest PQ: in other to download maths PQ click on the link below.


5. English latest PQ: in other to download English PQ click on the link below.


6: Government current PQ: in other to download government PQ click on the link below.


7. Literature in English PQ:  in other to download literature in English PQ click on the link below.

9:  Accounting latest PQ: in other to download accounting PQ click on the link below.


10. Commerce latest PQ: in other to download commerce PQ click on the link below


11: Christian religious knowledge current past questions: in other to download CRS PQ click on the link below.


12: Economic past questions: in other to download economic PQ click on the link below.



You may use the comment section below to give us feedback on the post

Free Past questions For JAMB/WAEC/NECO


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Admission Updates






Since the conclusion of the joint admission and matriculation board (JAMB) UTME exams Students through out the country who participated in the exam has anticipated greatly to see the cut off points for 2020/2021 academic section.

Meanwhile Candidates who didn’t reach the expected cut off points have being looking forward to see any great institution with lesser cut off point.

On this post we have compiled an updated list of institution that accept from 120 to 150 as cut of mark.

Also see: updated list of ELDS IN NIGERIA

Several institutions have released their cut of points for 2020/2021 academic section so if you have been searching for institutions with lesser cut off point then you have arrived in the right place.

Meanwhile you are advised to subscribe to our newsletter so as to get Updated anytime we release an update on your school.


we will outline an updated list of federal institutions that accept 120 to 150 as cut off mark for admission.

  1. University of Ibadan (UI)
  2. University of Nigeria (UNN)
  3. Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)
  4. Federal University of Technology Minna (FUTMINNA)
  5. University of Lagos (UNILAG)
  6. Ahmadu Bello University (ABU Zaria)
  7. University of Agriculture Abeokuta (FUNAAB).
  8. University of Ilorin (UNILORIN)
  9. Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA)
  10. University of Benin (UNIBEN)
  11. University of Port Harcourt (UNIPORT)
  12. Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO)
  13. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH)
  14. Bayero University Kano (BUK)
  15. University of Uyo (UNIUYO)
  16. Lagos State University (LASU)
  17. University of Abuja (UNIABUJA)
  18. University of Jos (UNIJOS)
  19. Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK)
  20. Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU)
  21. Federal University Oye Ekiti (FUOYE)
  22. Usman Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK)
  23. Adekunle Ajasin University (AAUA)
  24. Niger Delta University (NDU)
  25. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike (MOUAU)
  26. Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti (EKSU)
  27. Federal University Dutsin Ma (FUDMA)
  28. Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi (FUAM)
  29. Osun State University (UNIOSUN)
  30. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU)
  31. Enugu State University of Science & Technology (ESUT)
  32. Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo FUNAI
  33. Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma (AAU EKPOMA)
  34. Kwara State University (KWASU)
  35. Imo State University Owerri (IMSU)
  36. Benue State University (BSUM)

Don’t miss: Updated list of catchment Areas for all Universities

Educational standards of each university

It obvious that most people after going through this list might be discouraged, claiming that why will an institution bring down it cut off point to 150?

But the simple reply is that the joint Admission and matriculation board jamb has reduced cut off marks for admission and also asked institution to follow the adjustment.

Also See: bida in affiliation to futminna school fees

important fact to note

We have released and updated list of institution with minimum cut off points but this those not mean that all institution listed can’t make amend with the cut off points.

Every institution has it own decision to make in setting up cut off points so they might make adjustments anytime.

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